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Worte und Wörter
International Conference on Dunhuang Studies (IOM RAS, St. Petersburg, 2009) 
3rd-Sep-2009 07:15, Thu
Международная конференция по дуньхуановедению открывается сегодня в Институте восточных рукописей РАН (ИВР РАН). Кроме докладов по основной тематике коференции, на параллельной сессии будут представлены доклады и по тангутским исследованиям.



Международная конференция
Дуньхуановедение: перспективы и проблемы второго столетия исследований
3—5 сентября 2009 г., Санкт-Петербург, Россия



INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
Dunhuang Studies: Prospects and Problems for the Coming Second Century of Research
September 3–5, 2009



敦煌学:第二个百年的研究视角与问题
国际学术会议
2009年9月3–5日。俄罗斯,圣彼得堡



С программой конференции можно ознакомиться на сайте ИВР РАН здесь. Ниже приведены тезисы некоторых докладов (в основном по тангутским исследованиям).

ABSTRACTS

DENG Wenkuan (Researcher, Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage, China)
“The Importance of Dunhuang and Khara-Khoto Calendars from Russian Collection for the Research of Printing Technique”

Abstract: In October, 1999, we first knew about the fragment of embossing printed calendar from the edition of Dunhuang documents collected in Russia (Дx. 2880). In the course of its’ study, we discovered, that it was a calendar of the eighth year of reign Jiayin of the lunar calendar of Tang Dynasty (A.D. 834). This item is of great importance for dating of printing, as it introduced the precise chronology of embossing printed entity, puting it 34 earlier as supposed before. As we came to the 21th century, scholars have found some fragments of the printed calendar from the Kambun Calendar, unearthed in Khara-Khoto, made in a technique of primitive embossing, the item has the precise date as well.

邓文宽. 俄藏敦煌和黑城汉文历日对印刷技术史研究的重要意义
提要: 在1999年10月,我们从俄藏敦煌文献中发现了一块雕印历日的小残片(Дх. 2880),经考证,其内容为《唐大和八年甲寅岁(834年)具注历日》,从而将雕版印刷品实物的绝对年代提前了34年。就活字印刷品来说,20世纪末年之前,人们始终没有找出一件早期活字印刷品实物。虽然在俄藏黑水城西夏文献中出有一批活字印刷的西夏文文献(主要是佛经),但概无绝对年代。进入新世纪以来,学者们从俄藏黑水城出土汉文历日中,发现了一些活字印刷的历日残片,经考证,斯坦因带往英国的K.K.11.0292(j)为《西夏皇建元年庚午岁(1210年)具注历日》,科兹洛夫带走,现存俄罗斯的“TK5469”等7号为《西夏皇建二年辛未岁(1211年)具注历日》。从而找到了有绝对年代的早期活字印刷品实物。由上可知,俄藏汉文历日,无论出自敦煌还是出自黑城,对研究印刷技术史都具有重要的标志性意义。



DU Jianlu (Head of the Center of Tangut Studies, Ningxia University, China)
“An overview of the Chinese Manuscripts from Khara-Khoto collected in China”

Abstract: The number of Heishuicheng Chinese manuscripts collected in China is more than 4000. Most of them were excavated by the Research Institute of Cultural Relicts and Archaeology of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in 1983 and 1984, others were continuously collected from early 1950s. Comparing the Chinese collection with that of Russia and England, we can point its’ 3 main characteristics. First, it has a big number of the more or less complete documents (about 700), while the big Russian collection contains about the same number, and the British collection has fewer. Second, the content of the majority of the documents in Chinese concerns the social life, there are economy, official, legislation documents, letters, records, contracts, etc. The Chinese manuscripts in the foreign collections from Khara-Khoto are mainly religious by their content. Third, there are new discoveries and new replenishments. The time of the documents in the Chinese collection ranges from Tang and Five Dynasties till Yuan (including North Yuan), with the majority belonging to Yuan. The future systematic research and publication of these documents will give us new approaches to study of the history of China in time of Song, Xia, Jin, Yuan dynasties, mediaeval Buddhism history, textual criticism, etc.

杜建录. 中国藏黑水城汉文文献整理研究
提要: 中国藏黑水城汉文文献主要是1983年和1984年内蒙古文物考古研究所两次发掘出土,约3000多件,其余是建国后陆续采集到的。和俄藏、英藏黑水城汉文文献相比,中国藏黑水城汉文文献有三大特点:一是数量大,目前所见有4000多件,比较完整的700多件,俄藏400多件,英藏就更少了;二是社会文献居多,国外藏大部分是宗教文献,中国藏大部分是社会经济文献,有公文、词讼、契约、书信、票据等等,宗教文献只是很少一部分;三是不断有新发现,新补充。黑水城汉文文献时间跨度较大,包括唐、五代、宋、西夏、伪齐、金、元(含北元),其中元代的数量最多,其次是西夏、宋。中国藏黑水城汉文文献主要是元代文献,少量宋、西夏文献,它和国外藏黑水城汉文文献相互补充,对研究宋金西夏史与元朝政治制度、社会经济、思想文化、法律诉讼、宗教信仰、票引契券等提供了珍贵的史料。国学大师陈寅恪指出:“一代之学术,必有其新材料与新问题。取用此材料以研求问题,则为此时代学术之新潮流。”黑水城汉文文献的发现与整理刊布,必将引领宋夏金元史、中古佛教史、中古社会史、文献版本学等研究领域学术发展的新潮流,重构十一至十四世纪西域佛教史,此乃整理出版《中国藏黑水城汉文献》之初衷。



KYCHANOV, Evgeniy (Professor, Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS, Russia)
“Dunhuang under the Tangut Rule”

Abstract: This paper will analyze the chapters of the Tangut Code dealing with the administration of the border regions in Xi-Xia State. We will prove that the economic, trade and religious life in Dunhaung under the Tangut rule still remained very active, and the Buddhist monasteries were involved into it. Religious ceremonies were held in Buddhist temples by Chinese, Uighur and Tanguts. Some data of the Dunhuang mural art, dated by the time of Tangut rule, will be also used to confirm our point of view.



MATSUI Dai (Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, Hirosaki University, Japan)
“Uighur Almanac Divination Fragments from Dunhuang”

Abstract: The Old Uighur texts of almanac divination from Central Asia were found mainly in the Dunhuang grottes and the Turfan region. The divination texts from Turfan were published by Prof. R. R. Arat (G. R. Rachmati) in 1936 (Türkische Turfan-Texte VII, Abhandlungen der Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 1936-12). Besides, some new materials have been introduced for the academic community by the International Dunhuang Project of the British Library (http://idp.bl.uk) and by the meritorious volumes of the excavation report of the Northern Grottoes of Dunhuang Mogaoku (Peng Jinzhang ed., Northern Grottoes of Mogaoku, Dunhuang, 3vols., Beijing, 2000-2004). In this paper I will analyze the Dunhuang Uighur fragments of almanac divination from the collections of the East Asian Library of Princeton University and of the Dunhuang Academy. Their content should correspond to that of Yu-xia-ji, the almanac divination texts popular among the Chinese. Judging from the script and other features, we may state, that the Uighur texts belong to the Mongol-Yuan period (the 13th–14th cc.). It may be also noted that Mongolian almanac texts from Khara-Khoto have the similar content. Still more, the Uighur almanac texts of the Princeton collection were written on reverse side of the Xi-Xia (Tangut) Buddhist sutra. In such a context the Uighur fragments can be a clue to reconstruct the historical situation of the cultural interactions between Uighurs, Mongols, Tanguts and Chinese in the Dunhuang and surrounding regions.



MENG Sihui (Curator, The Palace Museum, China)
“A Restudy of Original images of the Five Stellar Deities”

Abstract: The worship of Tejaprabha, a late-appearing Buddha in the pantheon, apparently embodies the governing constellation in the heavens. The paintings of Tejaprabha Buddha Assembly constitute an important iconographic material of Esoteric Buddhism (Tantrism) in the Northern China from the 9th to the 15th centuries. Very few paintings of this subject have survived, but a group of paintings Tejaprabha Buddha and the Various Luminary Officials is held in the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. The prominent members of the Tejaprabha Assembly are planetary, stellar, solar and lunar, represent the twenty-eight constellations and the twelve signs of the zodiac Deities. The images of Tejaprabha Assembly were not only the important part of the rituals of Esoteric Buddhism in time of Tang dynasty, but also relative to the images of the middle ages astronomy and astrology from Central Asia.

孟嗣徽.再考五星图像的起源 -以埃尔米塔什博物馆藏西夏《炽盛光佛与诸曜图》为例
提要:在埃尔米塔什博物馆藏有一批来自中国内蒙黑水城的西夏时期的绢画《炽盛光佛与诸曜星君图》。炽盛光佛信仰是唐代盛行起来的,通过密宗的法式和献祭活动,试图排斥或削弱来自星界的不利影响。遗存至今的炽盛光佛与星界诸神的图像并不多见。炽盛光佛,尤其星界诸神的图像在唐代出现有着繁杂的背景和文化内涵。不仅反映出它是唐以来佛教密宗遗存的重要组成部分,也反映了中国古代,和中世纪中亚、西亚的佛教与天文图像向东亚传播的情况。近年来这种传播情况逐渐成为研究东西文化交流史的学人们留意的课题。笔者在2001年发表有《五星图像考源—以藏经洞遗画为例》一文。本文对埃尔米塔什博物馆藏的几幅《炽盛光佛与诸曜星君图》中之五星神的图像来源做一图像学的分析考察。并利用相关的图像以及新发现的文献数据对五星图像的来源与传播途径做可行性的分析。



NIE Hongyin (Professor, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China)
“Tangut Version of the Traditional Chinese Medical Work Mingtang Jiujing
聂鸿音. 《明堂灸经》的西夏译本

Abstract: The Khara-Khoto collection of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, Russian Academy of Sciences, includes a volume of manuscript under No. 2630 in a running script. We have already known from its title page, that it was a Tangut version of the traditional Chinese medical work Mingtang Jiujing 明堂灸经, but we have not identified its Chinese original and its substance. It is pointed out in the present paper that the manuscript proves to be a translation draft from the 100th volume of the Chinese medical work Taiping Shenghui Fang 太平圣惠方 compiled by the order of Northern Song authorities at the end of the 10th century. The original xylograph of Taiping Shenghui Fang has been lost long ago, and its relevant manuscripts preserved nowadays are also incomplete, but some of the missing statements may be fortunately discovered in its Tangut version.



SAMOSYUK, Kira (Curator, The State Hermitage Museum, Russia)
“The comparison of the style and subjects of the Xi-Xia and Yuan Dynasty caves of Dunhuang and Yulinku, of Tangut pagodas and of materials from the Khara-Khoto collection of the Hermitage”

Abstract: Academic attention is increasingly being drawn to the subjects of Tangut culture. There are three large complexes of the Tangut artifacts now: the murals of the Dunhuang and Yu-linku caves, the materials from Hunfo and Baissikou pagodas in the Yinchuan Museum and the art collection from Khara-Khoto in the State Hermitage Museum. The comparison of the subjects, pantheon, iconography of the paintings and sculptures shows, that the Chinese and Tibetan traditions were equally represented in all the three complexes. But while analyzing the style and dating of the Chinese style scrolls, Tibetan tangkas and items of synthesis of two traditions, it is possible to suggest the existing of the various art schools and different interpretation of the dating of the painting and sculpture. We intend to establish precisely the upper and lower dates of the three complexes of art materials.



SOLONIN, Kirill (Professor, St. Petersburg State University, Department of Philosophy / Visiting Professor, Department of Buddhist Studies, Foguang University, Taiwan)
“Chan Buddhism in the Tangut State”

Abstract: The report aims at presenting a summarized view of the Chan Buddhism in Xi-Xia as it can be reconstructed from the Tangut sources from P. K. Kozlov' collection. The basis of the research is the following texts: "The Essence of the Teaching of the Hongzhou Masters" (both short and long version), "The Twenty five questions and answers concerning the Buddhist Principles by the Tang State preceptor Zhong" (long and short versions), "The Mirror", "The Notes on Various Occasions by the Chan master Bhiksu" and "The Supreme Meaning of the One-Vehicle" by the Great Master Tongli. The general idea of the presentation will be to demonstrate the domination of the Huayan thought in the Tangut Chan Buddhism, trace it’s connection with the Buddhism of Liao (the Great Master Tongli) and Dunhuang (The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch). Special emphasis will be put on the determining the nature of connections between the Tangut Buddhism and the Buddhism of the Late Tang, specifically in the case of Huizhong.



SUN Bojun (Professor, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China)
“A Textual Research on the Chapter Advising Relatives to Cultivate the Benevolence in the Tangut Work A Collection of Virtuousness and Resourcefulness

Abstract: A Collection of Virtuousness and Resourcefulness (Xianzhiji), a poetry anthology, written by the famous Tangut monk Xianbei Baoyuan in order to advise people in cultivating the benevolence and Buddhist values, proves to be one of the rare specimen of Tangut native literature, in the Khara-Khoto collections, housed in Russia. The paper first thoroughly investigates the Collection, gives the details about its author and then presents a translation of its initial chapter Advising Relatives to Cultivate the Benevolence in order to observe the style of the “Eloquence” (bian) of the Tangut folk literature derived from that of Dunhuang.
Key words: “Eloquence” (bian); Tangut literature; Dunhuang literature; folk literature

孙伯君. 西夏文《贤智集》之“劝亲修善辩”考释
[提要]:《贤智集》是西夏著名僧人鲜卑宝源创作的一部旨在劝人行善向佛的诗文总集,是俄藏黑水城文献中少有的西夏本土作品。本文首先对《贤智集》及其作者鲜卑宝源做了全面考述,然后对《贤智集》之首篇“劝亲修善辩”做了全文译释,希望籍此管窥承自敦煌的西夏俗文学的“辩”的样式。
[关键词]:“辩”,西夏文学,敦煌文学,俗文学



TAI Chung Pui (Researcher, The University of Hong Kong)
“On the Tangut fragments of Aparimitāyur-jñāna-nāma-mahāyāna-sūtra

Abstract: This paper identifies 2 Tangut fragments found in the north region of Dunhuang Mogao caves and 1 Tangut fragment preserved in the Library of Peking University as the parts of the Aparimitāyur-jñāna-nāma-mahāyāna-sūtra. The paper attempts to reconstruct a complete Tangut version of the sutra by utilizing Tangut fragments of the same sutra discovered elsewhere. It further points out that the numeral sequence of dhāranī in the Tangut version is different from all known Chinese and Tibetan versions, suggesting that the Tangut version is translated from an unknown Tibetan or Sanskrit version of Aparimitāyur-nāma sutra.

戴忠沛. 敦煌所出西夏文《大乘无量寿宗要经》残片考释
摘要: 本文指出两片敦煌莫高窟所出西夏文残片及一片北京大学图书馆藏西夏文残片俱出自《大乘无量寿宗要经》。本文结合前人对西夏文《大乘无量寿宗要经》的研究,尝试缀合出一份完整的西夏文《大乘无量寿宗要经》,并指出西夏文版的陀罗尼梵咒数字序列与所有已知的汉文及藏文版本不尽一致,可能直接译自梵文或一份目前未知的藏文底本。



WANG Peipei (Post-Graduate Student, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China)
王培培《维摩诘经》的西夏译本

提要:20 世纪相继出土于中国的西夏文《维摩诘经》现在分藏于俄、中、英等国。这些藏本 实际上分属两个不同的译本,即11 世纪的初译本和12 世纪的校译本。本文首次公布了目前所见西夏 文《维摩诘经》的文本情况,通过不同译本的对勘展示了校译的细节。关键词:西夏;维摩诘经;翻译;佛教


Comments 
8th-Jun-2013 13:56, Sat (UTC)
А Вы не знаете, можно монографию эту приобрести http://orientalstudies.ru/rus/index.php?option=com_publications&Itemid=75&pub=1594?
или тираж вообще мизерный?
м.б. скан появится?
8th-Jun-2013 15:49, Sat (UTC)
Легче всего купить непосредственно в Институте у секретаря. Цены тут. Но эта — очень дорогая.
8th-Jun-2013 16:06, Sat (UTC)
Спасибо.
Да,и впрямь недешевая.
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